Varicose veins: every woman should know that

Have you noticed that many women wear tight tights, pants or jeans even in the heat? Maybe they are so comfortable and familiar, you say. Or maybe they just have something to hide? For example, protruding veins in the legs.

Varicose veins of the legs

The disease that so often spoils the beauty of women's legs is called varicose veins. According to statistics, every second woman suffers from this pathology. The likelihood of developing varicose veins increases with age. But even if you are young and you feel as if you definitely have no "varicose veins", you should take another close look at your legs. The first sign of venous disease is by no means the cyanotic "worms" under the skin. At first, the disease manifests itself only with a feeling of heaviness and swelling of the legs.

Try pressing the back of your foot with your finger in the evening. Do dents remain on the skin? Are there any traces of elastic socks? Do you feel heaviness in your legs after a busy day? If you answered yes to any of these questions, you may already be developing venous insufficiency.

Why do varicose veins occur?

Why are healthy vessels varicular dilated from birth over the years? It's all about anatomy. Veins carry blood to the heart every day. That is, when we talk about legs, the blood moves up through these vessels, constantly overcoming gravity.

This task is performed by three mechanisms: negative pressure created by the muscles of the body and diaphragm, the work of the gastrocnemius muscles and the venous valves.

With the first mechanism, everything is clear. We breathe, creating a pressure difference that helps blood flow to the heart.

With the work of the leg muscles, everything is easy too. Calves play the role of a kind of internal compression and support stockings. The muscles in the legs contract, compressing the veins, and forcing the blood into the sections above.

What about the venous valves? What are they needed for? Valves on the inside of the veins prevent the blood from flowing back. When they weren't there, under the influence of gravity, all the blood pooled in the feet and only a small part reached the heart and brain.

The flow of blood in the veins is very slow, every inch is difficult to overcome. The contractions of the heart cause blood to flow quickly through the arteries, but they are not strong enough to maintain high pressure in the veins.

To prevent the liquid from flowing in the opposite direction, nature invented a kind of "pocket" on the inner surface of these vessels. In them the blood waits for the next pulsation, which can drive it a little higher. In total there are up to 25 valves in the leg veins!

But over time, the veins in the legs wear out and these valves become weaker. Their valves are no longer so tightly closed that part of the blood flows back into the sections below. This causes the veins in the legs to overflow and swell. The same "varicose veins" appear.

Why do varicose veins cause swelling and blemishes?

Due to the constant blood pressure on the walls of worn out veins, a certain amount of plasma is pressed out of the vessels into the surrounding tissue. If you stay on your feet all day, fluid will gradually build up and swelling will develop.

The accumulation of tissue fluid leads to a lack of oxygen. And where there is a lack of oxygen, premature aging occurs. The skin of the legs gradually becomes dry and loses its elasticity. The cells in the scar tissue are stimulated, causing the foot and lower leg to gradually change color. Yellow-brown spots and dots appear on the legs, and the skin itself becomes thin and whitish like a scar.

Over time, such damaged tissues can develop congestive eczema, phlebitis, or ulcers.

How are varicose veins treated?

There is only one natural way to get the blood to flow in the right direction. You need to lie down more comfortably and raise your legs above head height - for example on the armrest or the back of the sofa. It is this path that we intuitively choose when we feel heaviness in our legs. However, this measure has only a temporary effect. As soon as we get up, the vein will again overflow with blood and expand even further.

In the early stages of varicose veins, various venotonics can be used - drugs that increase the tone of the vascular wall and improve microcirculation.

In addition, after a long day at work, you can lubricate your feet with a special gel to relieve fatigue.

But if the venous insufficiency expresses itself quite strongly and the vessels of the legs are noticeably dilated, one cannot do without serious interventions. Severe varicose veins are only treated with sclerotherapy or removal of the dilated vein. In addition, doctors recommend wearing special compression clothing in the event of chronic venous insufficiency.

The main thing to remember - the earlier you start treatment for varicose veins, the longer your veins will hold.